March sees an average daily temperature is 16 degrees Celsius. This average includes an estimated low of 10 degrees Celsius, which usually occurs in the night time, and an estimated high of 21 degrees Celsius. The Mediterranean Sea warms up to 18 degrees Celsius and creeping closer to warm enough temperatures to swim in. Regardless of the almost-summer time weather, the area enjoys 12 hours of sunshine each day. April also brings around 80 millimeters of rainfall to the area, which primarily falls over eight days in the month.
Antalya’s origins date to the Hellenic period of the 2nd or 3rd century BC, when the town of Attalea was an important naval port. Subsequently, the area was ruled by the Roman and Byzantine Empires, when the Mediterranean and Aegean regions of Anatolia was an important locale for the budding religion of Christianity. In the 13th century AD, the city was conquered by the Seljuk Turks, who ruled over the city until the conquest of the Ottoman Empire. After World War II and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, Antalya was briefly ruled by the Italians until the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923.
Throughout its history, Antalya served as an important port city, particularly for the export of agricultural products from the fertile surrounding regions and the import of products for the Anatolian interior. Since the 1970s, the city has undergone major redevelopments, particularly oriented towards the tourism sector. The population of the city has nearly tripled in the past 25 years, making Antalya a cosmopolitan destination situated in the Turkish Riviera.
As with so many destinations in Turkey, Antalya’s rich and layered history is reflected in the city’s architecture. The city’s historic center (Kaleici, or “Inside the Castle”) is home to narrow cobbled streets and restored Ottoman homes that house modern bars, clubs, cafes, and hotels with an historic charm. Five Orthodox Greek Churches are still located in the heart of Antalya, and many city landmarks, such as the Kesik Minare Mosque, bear traces different eras that demonstrate the transition from Byzantine to Seljuk to Ottoman times. The historic wall surrounding the Kaleici also demonstrates this progression, while Hadrian’s Arch remains as a remarkable monument from the Roman era.
LEISURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
Antalya is a very popular destination, attracting over 12 million visitors per year. People are mainly drawn to the area’s beautiful beaches and warm water . However, you can also take advantage of water parks, golf courses, scuba diving, and rafting in the Koprulu Canyon National Park. For those who want to go shopping, head to Ataturk Boulevard to browse for premium Turkish coffees, jewelry, souvenirs, and perfumes. This area is also home to plenty of restaurants, cafes, and kebab houses, where you can get a taste of Turkey’s wonderful cuisine.
The ancient city of Aspendos is situated 4 km from Antalya-Alanya highway and almost in the middle of this highway. The city is founded near Koprucay ( Eurymedon ). The ships were able to reach the city from the sea owing to this stream which was used as a canal in the ancient time. Today the city is 15 km. from the sea. Aspendos Theater has survived to our day fairly undamaged and Aspendos became famous with this theater.
This structure with an extraordinarily perfect acoustics hosts every year international and local concerts and festivals.
The king of Aspendos announces that he will organize a competition to see who will serve much for the city and says that the winner will marry with his daughter. The artisans who hear this immediately start studying. Finally when the deadline comes, the king analyses everyone’s effort one by one and chooses two candidates. First candidate successes to bring water to the city from far corners of the city by the help of water canals.
The second candidate builds a theatre. When the king is about to decide on the first candidate he wants to analyse theatre for the last time. While he is walking about the top floor of the gallery he hears a voice calling from deep and continuously saying: “the daughter of the king must be mine”. Amazed by the event he searches for the voice but is unable to find where it comes from. This person is absolutely the architect of the theatre who is so proud of the acoustic of his masterpiece and talking on the scene in a feeble pipe. At the end, the architect wins the beautiful daughter and the wedding ceremony is held on this theatre.
This story is about the most important antique work of Aspendos, Aspendos Antique Theatre.
Going to the eastward of Antalya, one can reach Serik Borough in 39 km, and from there to Eurymedon river in 7 km. Aspendos, situated near Eurymedon river is founded by Aka civilization in 10 BC. and is one of the richest cities of the antique age. The theatre in here is built up by Roman in 2 AC. The city is founded upon two hills one is small and one is huge.
The amphitheatre in Aspendos, that is wanted to be conquered by many for ages since being connected to Kucukcay river to the harbour is the one which is most secured till today and therefore is an important open-air theatre.
This theatre is the most ancient and solid sample of the Roman Theatres in Anatolia. On an epitaph on the south parados it is written that the theatre was built by the architect Zeno, the son of an Aspendian called Theodoros in the reign of Marcus Aurelius (161-180 AC). According to this epigraph, Aspendian people appreciated Zeno and awarded him with a great garden near the stadium.